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Anoman

Anoman is a white monkey. He is the son of Betara Bayu and Dewi Anjani, a goddess with the head and arms of a monkey. Anoman has a number of appellations: “Maruti,” because he has the supernatural control of wind like his spiritual brother, Wrekudara; “Ramadayapati,” which indicates that Anoman is acknowledged as a son by Sri Rama [hero of the other Javanised Indian epic]; “Bayutanaya,” because he is the acknowledged son of the wind-god, Betara Bayu; “Kapiwara,” Anoman’s name in his guise as priest-ascetic; and “Anjaniputra,” because he is the son of Dewi Anjani.
Anoman originally lives in the age of Sri Rama and helps the latter in his efforts to find his wife, Dewi sinta, who had been abducted by the raksasa king, Prabu Dasamuka of Alengka. Anoman is ordered by Sri Rama to enter by stealth the garden of the palace at Alengka where Dasamuka keeps Dewi Sinta prisoner. Eventually Anoman is able to return Dewi Sinta to her husband. Anoman goes to Alengka and burns the palace to the ground. Sri Rama’s debt to Anoman is therefore very great. Anoman lives to a very advanced age.
At the end of the age of Rama–during the age of the Pandawas–anoman serves as a counselor to the five Pandawa brothers and lives as a hermit-priest on the mountain Kendalisada. People from far and wide come to his hermitage to ask for his help in solving difficult problems, for he is renowned as a sagacious teacher.
Anoman has plelengan putih eyes and the mouth and nose of a monkey. His hair is worn in the kadal-menek top-knot bordered by his long tail which reaches to the top of his head, and which is decorated with bracelet-type ornaments (gelang). He wears bracelets, armbands and anklets. He has a razor-sharp thumbnail like Wrekudara. he has the feet of an ape. He wears the poleng batik dress worn in the raton lengkap style. His face and entire body are white.

(sumber: Sejarah Wayang Purwa. Hardjowirogo. Jakarta: Perpustakaan Perguruan Kementerian P.P. dan K., 1955)

Created: 2014

Source Rights: Ki Purbo Asmoro

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