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Raden Narayana receives several appellations upon his accession to the throne of Dwarawati: Harimurti, Padmanaba (as he is an incarnation of Begawan Padmanaba), Dwarawati (since he is its king), Kresna (because of his black skin), etc. Narayana accedes to the throne by defeating an ogre-king, Prabu Kunjarakresna of Dwarawati and he takes the defeated king’s name as his own, hence, Prabu Kresna.

Prabu Kresna is the guardian of the Pandawa brothers and is often referred to as dalang [puppeteer], in the sense that he figures as an unseen power behind others who act out his strategies in statecraft, battle, etc.

Prabu Kresna possesses two sacred weapons: Cakra, which can only be used by one of the incarnations of Wisnu; and the sacred amulet, Wijayakusuma, which has the power to revive the dead.

In the Baratayuda it is Kresna who is responsible for the Pandawa victory. He lives to an old age, past the end of the Baratayuda.

The Kresna puppet has a black face and a completely gold body to be used in the early evening hours of the wayang performance. As the performance approaches daylight, a puppet with a completely black body is substituted.

(Sumber: Sejarah Wayang Purwa. Hardjowirogo. Jakarta: Perpustakaan Perguruan Kementerian P.P. dan K., 1955)

Publisher: Lontar Foundation;

Created: 2014

Source Rights: Ki Purbo Asmoro

Manuscript Code: LF-Kresna-2.kl_P5040083.jpg

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