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Raden Arjuna

Raden Arjuna has many appellations: 1) Arjuna (=“clear water”); 2) Kumbalwali (=“seat of emotion”); 3) Parta (=“of a peaceful character; 4) Margana (=“able to fly”); 5) Panduputra (=“son of Pandu”) 6) Kuntadi (=“magic arrow”); 7) Endratanaya (=“adopted son of Betara Endra”); 8) Prabu Kariti (=“king of the divine kingdom of Tejamaya, given him as reward for his victorious defense of the gods against their enemies); 9) Palguna (=“born in the seventh month, Palguna, and able to judge the strength of his enemies”); 10) Dananjaya (=“disinterested in material wealth”). When Arjuna reaches his maturity, he renounces all finery and gold ornaments. Arjuna is considered an incarnation of the god Wisnu.

Arjuna possesses a physical deformity: he has two index fingers on his right hand. A certain king of Paranggelung, Prabu Palgunadi, was once forced by his guru, Danghyang Durna, to remove the ring on his finger by chopping his finger off. The finger and ring were then handed over to Arjuna who was unable to loose them from his hand once they were placed there. The ring adds to Arjuna’s strength because the stone of the ring, Mustika Ampal, has considerable magic properties. It is Arjuna who is to continue the line of kings to the end of the Purwa age and thereafter.

The marriage of Arjuna and Dewi Wara Sumbara is the occasion for the greatest of all feasts,attended by all the gods in heaven.

During the Baratayuda Arjuna does battle with half-brother, Adipati Karna. Arjuna himself is extremely reluctant and heavy hearted at the prospect of battling his own mother’s son. Prabu Kresna counsels Arjuna and dispels his anxiety by reminding him of his duties as a kesateria.*) Arjuna proceeds to the field of battle where he is forced to kill revered brother.

Arjuna has jaitan eyes and a pointed nose. His hair is worn in the kadal menek knot and he wears the waderan ear ornaments. He does not wear gilded or bejeweled clothing. He eschews all bracelets, armbands and other jewelry. He wears the bokongan kesateria dress.

(Sumber: Sejarah Wayang Purwa. Hardjowirogo. Jakarta: Perpustakaan Perguruan Kementerian P.P. dan K., 1955)

Publisher: Lontar Foundation;

Created: 2014

Source Rights: Ki Purbo Asmoro

Manuscript Code: LF-Arjuna-1.kl_P5040170.jpg

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